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时间:2019-11-04 06:03来源:学历查询
扫码关切考研圈Wechat 第十二讲 简单句、并列句和复合句 2016年考研国家线已发布 34校2014考研复试线已公布 二零一四全国各省高校调弄整理消息平台 二零一四大学考研调和音信揭露办法

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扫码关切考研圈Wechat

第十二讲 简单句、并列句和复合句

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  • 2016年考研国家线已发布
  • 34校2014考研复试线已公布
  • 二零一四全国各省高校调弄整理消息平台
  • 二零一四大学考研调和音信揭露办法
  • 二零一六年考研究生入学考试生揭橥调护治疗意向区

大器晚成。考试大纲要求

翻译才干中的“柳絮剑法日太阴星君教功夫日月心法”

  语法知识点1

考纲供给考生能科学推断句子的体系、解析句子结构、结合语境和句意接纳合适的总是词语、判定主语和从句的没有错语序、稳妥选择主句和从句谓语动词的时态。

且看它们有多种要,看图别看本身:

  1.as...as.。。教导的比较级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+ as+被相比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you. 他像你同意气风发学习努力。

二。命题导向

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  (2)在否定句或难题句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

高等高校统一招考对简易句、并列句和复合句的试验主要总结:句子的布局、连词的选料、从句与主句的谓语动词的时态、主语和从句的语序、一些习贯用语和极其的句式应用。

日光黄圈出部分~~

  2.only教导的倒装句型:only +状语 (或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

三。复习要点

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  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life.  唯有任怨任劳、正直,壹位在生活中本事得逞。 

1.简便句、并列句和复合句

字不重大,看图~~

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to work out the problem.  唯有这位女子知道哪些解那道题。

① 句子连串三种分类法

哪个人驾驭as、v+ing、with,什么人就得练神功。那八个效果与利益词怎么用吗?且看下文,小编只是个搬运工。有亟待的恋人,动动你的手指头,复制、粘贴、打字与印刷。小编是你的好对象曾沐!

  3.wish教导的虚构语气:wish 前面包车型大巴从句,现代表与实际相反的情景,或代表以后不太或然实现的意思时,其宾语从句的动词格局为: 

据守句子的用场,土耳其(Turkey卡塔尔语的句子可分:陈说句(料定、否定)、疑问句(日常、特殊、选取、反意)、祈使句、惊叹句等三种。

随笔结尾处有彩蛋~~不谢!

  ⑴表示对前几天景况的假造:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be 的驾鹤归西式用were.   

根据句子的布局可分:轻巧句并列句和复合句三种。

一、as的用法

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.    笔者期望精通这么些主题素材的答案。(可惜不明白。) 

简简单单句唯有一个主语或并列主语和叁个谓语或并列谓语。并列句由并列连词and, but, or,so等)或分局(;)把三个或三个以上的简单句连在一同构成。复合句:含有四个或一个之上从句的语句。复合句富含:状语从句名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句)和定语从句等三种。

1.as用作连词指导岁月状语从句

  ⑵代表对过去情景的假造:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

② 并列句的归类

as与when,while都以指点时间状语从句的附属连词,含义都是"当……的时候"。

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time.  笔者后悔不应该浪费这么多时间。( 实际桃浪经浪费掉了。) 

同样重视句指把三个大器晚成律重要的语句连接在协同,句子之间常用and, not only…but also…, neither…nor…, then等并称连词连接。

但它们有区别

  ⑶表示对现在的无理愿望:谓语动词方式为“would/ should/ could/ might +动词原形”。在此种场合下,主句的主语与从句的主语不可能长期以来,因为主句的主语所期待的从句动作能还是不可能完结,决意于从句主语的无奇不有或希望(非动作名词除了那个之外) 。 

意味着接收事关常用的连词有:or, either…or…, otherwise等

用when时,从句的动作可以与主句的动作同时发生,也足以先于主句的动作产生;

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能止住。 

代表转会关系常用的连词有:but, still, however, yet, while, when等。

用while时,从句的动作为风流倜傥进度,主句动作与从句动作同不常候开展或在从句动作进程中发出;

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用 would,能够表示乞请,平时意味着说话人的难过或缺憾。

代表因果关系常用的连词有:so, for, therefore等。

用as时,主句和从句的动作同期发出,具有持续的意义。

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  笔者希望你安然一些。 

2.状语从句:

例如:

  4.it方式宾语:和it 作格局主语同样,  大家常用it 来作方式宾语, 把真的的宾语从句放在句末, 这种气象更为出未来带复合宾语的语句中。

(1)状语从句的分类

(1)It was snowing when he arrived at the construction site.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in. 他评释他不会投降。 

状语从句普通修饰主句的动词或任何句子,由从属连词指引,从属连词在从句中不担负句子成分。根据状语从句所抒发的两样含义和意义,可分为时间、地方、原因、条件、指标、结果、妥胁、相比较、方式等状语从句。

他达到工地时,天正在下雪。

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越....。。越....。。”。

(2)连接状语从句的词语

(2)He was watching TV while his mother was cooking.

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will become。大家越惊惶困难,困难就能变得越强盛。

时刻状语从句:when, whenever每当……,after, before, as, as soon as, hardly/ scarcely...when..., no sooner...than.。.大器晚成……就……,while, till, until, since, once。名词词组the first time第叁次,last time最终一遍,every/each time每一回,the next time下一次,the next day第二天, the moment, the minute, the second, the instant 大器晚成……就……;副词immediately, instantly, directly等也可作连词使用。

她阿妈做饭时他在看TV。

  语法知识点2

案由状语从句:because, since, as, now that。

(3) You will grow wiser as you grow older.

  1. 宾语从句:日常难题句做宾语,引进if或whether

地点状语从句:where,wherever(不论这里)。

你会趁机年纪的增高而越来越聪明。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

低头状语从句: no matter who/whom/what/which/how/when/where, though, although, as, even if /even though, whatever, whoever, however, wherever, whenever等。

2.as用作连词带领由来状语从句

  2. 原因状语从句:since指点的

规格状语从句: if, unless, as/so long as(如若;只要),in case (万生机勃勃); on condition that(假如), suppose, supposing, providing, provide。

as,because,since都能够表示因果关系,连接原因状语从句,含义是"因为,由于"。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

目标状语从句:in order that (为了),so that (以便)。

但它们有区别

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely...when。.

比较状语从句:(not) as/so…as…,than…, the more…the more…(越……越……) 引导。

because表示的文章最强;

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

办法状语从句:as(正如;遵照),as if/as though (好像)辅导。

as平日位于句首,语气较弱,较口语化;

  4. If设想条件句

结果状语从句: so that (结果是), so/such…that (如此……以致于)。

since经常用在封面语中,表示多为对方已知的、或稍加剖释便可获悉的缘故,临时可译作"既然"。

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

(3)从句中的语序

例如:

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词前边,作介词的宾语。

复合句中平时选拔陈说语序。不过,在上边包车型大巴两种情况下,状语从句多利用倒装语序:

(1) He will succeed because he is in earnest.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in Shanghai。

①当连词as, though连接妥洽状语从句时,作表语的名词、形容词、动词平日置于句首,构成都部队分倒装语序。举例:

他必然会成功,因为她很认真。

  6.状语从句轻便(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语朝气蓬勃致,状从简单选择分词作者状语。例句:

Much as I have traveled, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John。

(2) Since you are so sure of ithe”ll believe you.

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

Try as she might, Carol couldn't get the door open。

既然如此您对此如此有把握,他会相信您的。  

  语法知识点3

Strange though it may seem, I like housework。

(3) As rain has fallen, the air is cooler.

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的三个句子成为并列句。

②在so/such...that.。.结果状语从句中,so+形容词/副词或such+名词置于句首时,主句接收局地倒装语序。比如:

因为下过雨,空气比较安适。

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb 表示“前边三个情况适用于世世代代”。例句:

So successful was her business that Marie was able to set up new branches elsewhere.

3.as作连词教导拗然则状语从句

  You are a student, so am I。

Such was the force of the explosion that windows were blown out。

as与although (或though),however (或no matter how)等都足以辅导妥洽状语从句,含义是"虽然,尽管"。

  3.定语从句 who携带的节制性定从。例句:

③在hardly/scarcely...when..., no sooner...than.。.句式中,把hardly/scarcely/no sooner置于句首时,第一个分句采取局部倒装语序,即把第贰个分句用陈说语序。比如:

但它们有区别

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English ?你还记得教大家阿尔巴尼亚语的要命女孩吧?

Scarcely had he sat down when there was a knock at the door。

although语气稍正式些,可放在句首,也可放在句中,主句中无法再用but,但足以用yet;

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

④ however与形容词、副词一同辅导妥协状语从句,句子选择陈诉语序。比如:

as所代表的语气较强,指点的低头状语从句用倒装语序;

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to rain tomorrow。

However amusing the story is, I have to put it away and focus my attention on study this week。

however教导妥协状语从句时,它的背后可跟形容词或副词,也要用倒装语序。

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will continue to be rejected。

⑤ 在the +相比较级the+相比级句式中,只是把形容词或副词置于句首,句子如故采取陈述语序。比如:Education is about learning and the more you learn, the more equipped for life you are。

例如:

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 代表 “既然”。与 since 的不一致之处在于,now that 引出的必需是一个新面世的真情或景况,固然依然依旧,和千古相比较并不曾成形,则毫不 now that 指点。

(4)从句和主句中谓语动词的时态

(1) Although he is quite old, he still jogs every day.

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the new task at once。既然我们把富有材质都筹划好了,大家应有及时初始那项新的行事。

在复合句中,主句和从句的谓语动词时态经常信守以下的法规:

她虽说年龄十分的大,仍然每一天慢跑。

  7. 原因状从:for的用法。由because 教导的从句倘诺身处句末,且后边有逗号,则足以用并列连词 for 来代替。但万一不是注解直接原因,而是各样气象再说猜度,就只好用 for 。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill. 他前日没来,因为他患有了。

①代表“同期”意义的连词as, when, as soon as, the moment, while 等三翻五次的时刻状语从句,主句和从句时态基本生龙活虎致。举例:As time passed, things seemed to get worse。

(2) Strange as it may seem, nobody was injured in the accident.

  8. 缘故状从:as 的用法。例句:The 新加坡 passengers begin to decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

② 表示“以后”意义的尺度、时间和退让状语从句中多用日常现在时,而主句用日常今后时,被喻为“主将从现”。举个例子:Tomwon’t go to sleep unless his mother tells him a story。

这一次意外固然显得令人出乎意料,却还未人受伤。

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will be our next president。

Once I get him a job, he’ll be fine。

as, though表示“虽然……但是”,“纵使……”之意。

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

③ since带领的光阴状语从句多用日常过去时,而包含since从句的主句平时用今天实现时。比如:I haven’t met her since I left university。

as引导的退让状语从句必需以局地倒装的格局出现,被倒装的片段能够是表语、状语或动词原形,though间或也用于那样的组织中,但although不能如此用。

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes competition. 独资化的独特之处在于能推进互相角逐。

④在句式hardly/scarcely…when…, no sooner…than…中,第二个分句中过去造成时,第一个分句用平常过去时。比如:She had hardly sat down when the phone rang。

例如:

  10. 不定式:不定式做指标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch the first bus。

⑤ 在as if/though 指引的状语从句中,假使表示风姿罗曼蒂克种与事实相反浮夸,从句多用平日过去时或过去做届时。譬喻:She stared at me as though I were a complete stranger。

Object as you may, I’ll go.

  作品来源:跨考教育[微博]

(5)状语从句的精简

(=Though/Although you may object, I’ll go.)

当从句的主语与主句的主语相同时,被动结构的状语从句,可回顾与主句相像的主语和助动词,保留连词+过去分词;主动组织的状语从句,可总结与主句近似的主语和助动词,保留连词+今后分词。举个例子:We all know that, if not carefully dealt with, the situation will get worse。

即便你反驳,小编也要去。

Though lacking money, his parents managed to send him to university。

Hard as/ though he works, he makes little progress. (=Though he works hard, he makes little progress.)

(6)状语从句被用来强调组织中

固然她上学很用力,但差不离没到手哪些发展。   Child as/though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do.(=Though he was a child, he knew what was the right thing to do.卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)

状语从句作为被强调有个别用以重申协会时,大器晚成律用It is/was …that…,不能够用when替代that。句子用汇报语序。注意:当重申Not until +时间/时间状语时,主句的谓语动词不再选取倒装语序。譬如:It was not until the war was over that the soldier was able to return home。

就算他是二个男女,但他驾驭该做哪些。

  1. 名词性从句

Fast as you read, you can’t finish the book so soon.

(1)名词性从句分类:

即便你读得快,你也不可能那样快读完那本书。

奉公守法在句中的功用,名词性从句分为:主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句多种。

(3) However hard he may try, he will not attain his goal.

(2) 名词性从句的连接词

无论她怎么努力也达不到目的。

名词性从句的连接词可分为三类:that无词义,在从句中不担负成分,有的时候可被简单;表示“是不是”用whether,唯有在宾语从句中,whether可被人if取代。Whether和if在从句中不肩负成分。倘使从句缺乏主语、表语、宾语、或定语等句子元素,用延续代词what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose, which;假诺从句缺乏状语,用延续副词when, where, how, why。

4.as作提到代词的用法

鉴于总是代词与连接副词在句中不再是疑问句,因此从句中谓语不用难题语序。连接代词与连接副词在从句充任句子成分,而三番五遍词whether 和if(是不是),在从句中不担当句子成分,只起接连效能。

涉及代词as带领定语从句时,不仅可以独立采纳,也可以与此外词连用,其用法要比that和which更为复杂。

(3) 名词性从句中的特殊时态

(1卡塔尔国as指点定语从句与其他词连用

① 在偏下二种主语从句中,主语从句的谓语动词要用“should+动词原形”, should可总结。

①用于the same...as结构中

(1)It is+形容词+that…句型。司空眼惯的形容词有important, necessary, natural, funny, strange, surprising, astonishing(令人好奇的)等。

This is the same book as I read last week.

(2) It is +名词+that…句型。多如牛毛的名词有pity, shame, advice, suggestion, proposal(建议,提议), requirement, request, desire, order等。

那本书和自己下一周读的那本是平等。

(3) It is+动词的过去分词+ that…句型。平淡无奇的动词有advise, order, propose, request, suggest, demand, require等。

②用于such...as结构中

②在insist(百折不挠), urge (催促), order(命令), command(命令), suggest(建议),advise(建议),recommend(提议,推荐), request(央浼,必要), demand(供给),require(供给,须要)等动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”, should可粗略。

I don”t like such books as he recommends.

③ 在含有advice, order, demand, proposal(提出), requirement, suggestion等名词的表语从句、同位语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可归纳。

本身嫌恶她引荐的这么些书。

④在部分意味傻眼、意志力等心情色彩的名词性从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”或“should +have done”,译为“竟然,居然”。举例:

③用于"so +adj. + a/an + n. (单数) + as "结构中

I am surprised /shocked that you should speak in such a way。

I am not so strong a man as I was.

I find it astonishing that he should be so rude to his mum。

自己已经未有过去那么强健了。

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

(2卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)as单独教导定语从句 as单独辅导定语从句时,先行词能够是二个词,也足以是叁个句子或短语。

I am glad that your story should have won the first prize。

例如:

  1. 定语从句

(1) She is late, as is often the case.

(1)定语从句的归类

他迟到了,那是平常的事。

定语从句分为限制性定语从句非节制性定语从句两种。约束性定语从句对先行词起修饰和约束作用,而非节制性定语从句对先行词起补充和演说表达效果与利益。常常约束性定语从句与先行词之间未有逗号,而非约束性定语从句与先行词之间有逗号隔开。

(先行词是百分百主句)

(2)定语从句的关系代词和事关副词

(2) To shut your eyes to facts, as many of you do, is foolish.

定语从句平时由关系代词和事关副词引导。关系代词有:who, whom, whose, which, that, as;关系副词有:when, where, why。关系代词和关系副词必得放在从句之首,主句的先行词之后,起着接连几天来先行词和从句的功能,同一时间在从句中又当做句子成分。

对真情多管闲事--你们好些个少人都以这么的古板。

(3)关系代词和涉嫌副词的用法:

(先行词是不定式短语)

①当先行词为人时用who 作主语,whom作宾语;②超过行词为物或任何句蛇时用which,可作主语或宾语;③预先词为人、物时用that ,可作主语或宾语;④ whose用作定语,可指人或物;⑤ 关系副词when指时间,在定语从句中作时间状语;⑥where(指位置,在定语从句中作地方状语);why指原因,在定语从句中作原因状语。

5.as作介词的用法 as作介词,意思是"作为","以……身份"

(4)限定性定语从句与非节制性定语从句的差别

例如:

①限定性定语从句:从句与主句关系密切,去掉从句,主句意义残破,以致不合逻辑。例如:I was the only person in our office who was invited。(去掉定语从句,句意就残缺)

He came to China as a tourist five years ago.

② 非节制性定语从句:从句与先行词关系不细致,去掉定从句,意思依然安然照旧。格局上用逗号隔离,不可能that用指引。比方:His movie won several awards at the film festival, which was beyond his wildest dream. (去掉定语从句,主句的意思仍完整)

她七年前以游客的地点来过中夏族民共和国。

(5)使用定语从句时需注意的多少个难点

6.as作副词的用法 to the same degree or amount; equally "相同地","同样地"。

①用that而不用 which的情景:先行词为不定代词all, anything, nothing, much…;先行词有最高档修饰,有序数词修饰;先行词有only, very, any等词修饰;先行词既有人又有物时。举个例子:There is nothing that can prevent him from doing it。

例如:

The first place that they visited in Guilin was Lijing。

They don”t have as many airplanes.

This is the best coffee maker that I have ever been made。

他俩一直分裂样多的飞行器。

Mr Smith is the only foreigner teacher that he knows。

二、动词ing方式的用法

② 用which而不用 that的意况:指引非约束性定语从句;指代整个主句的情致;用于介词 的前面+ 关系代词。比如:Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, which used to be poorly run, is now a successful business. For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread our further, of which New York is an example。

一)Ving形式作定语

③ 关系代词as的用法

分词短语作定语时,放在被修饰的名词之后;

a. 当现行反革命词为 the same +名词,such+名词时,要用关系代词as教导定语从句。比方:

单个分词作者定语时,放在被修饰的名词此前。

I want to buy the same shirt as yours。

例如:

Such machines as are used in our workshop are made in Germany。

The man standing by the window is our teacher. Many frightened people rushed out of the burning building.  

b. as可代表主句的始末,辅导的非约束性定语从句既可放在主句从前,也可放在主句之后。常用于下列句型:as is known to all, as is said, as is reported, as is announced, as we all know, as I expect 等。举例: He got the first place again in this mid-term examination, as we expected。

Ving作定语首要代表动作和用项。

c. as 教导非限定性定语从句时与which的区分

  1. 意味着动作(主动的、进行的动作卡塔尔国。

当主句和从句语义豆蔻梢头致时,用as指导;反之,用which来指导迷津非限定性定语从句;当非限制订语从句为否定意义时,常用which指导。举例:

a waiting car = the car that is waiting

He made a long speech, as we expected。

a sleeping child 入睡的子女

He made a long speech, which was unexpected。

The girl standing there is my sister.

④关乎代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词单数还是用复数应由先行词决定。举个例子:

站在那个时候的女孩是我的姊妹。

The man who lives downstairs makes it a rule to run in the park in the morning。

[注意]明天赋词作者定语时,它意味着的动作是正在打开或与谓语动词所代表的动作大概与此同时产生,假若多个动作有先有后,平时无法用以往分词作者定语,而要用定语从句。

⑤ 带领定语从句的涉嫌副词一时能够用“介词 + which”来代表。举例:

举例说: The teacher criticized the student who had broken the window. 先生商酌了打破窗户的学习者。

October 1, 1949 was the day on which (= when) the new China was founded。

  1. 代表用项:

⑥在”介词+关系代词”结构中,关系代词只可以用which和whom,且必须要难;假使介词在句末,关系代词可用which, that, whom, 口语中也可用who,且可粗略。比如:

the waiting room = the room for waiting 候车室

The man (whom/ who/ that) you were talking about is proves to be friendly。

a working method 工作办法

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He has a reading room. 他有叁个书屋。

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【比较】

过去分词作者定语:及物动词的过去分词表示被动,不比物动词的过去分词表示动作实现。  

例如:

That is the book written by Lu Xun. 那是周樟寿写的书。

He is a returned student. 他是三个回国的留学子。

不定式作定语: 用不定式作定语,其日常所修饰的名词、代词有: meeting, reason, time, way, need, right, chance, decision, wish, promise, ability, anxiety, something, anything, nothing, anybody, somebody, thing...

例如: We have no time to lose.

我们平素不经常间(能够浪费卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)了。

That’s the plan to build the factory.

那就是建那座工厂的布置。

(二)Ving形式作宾语补足语

  1. 在keep, find, notice, have, feel, hear, see, leave...等动词后常用Ving方式作宾语补足语。 譬如:

1) The boss kept the workers working the whole night.

那叁个首席营业官让工人发奋图强地工作。

2) We found the old lady lying in bed.

作者们发现那老太太躺在床的上面。

  1. 在感官动词:

see, hear, look at, notice, observe, feel, find...等及运用动词:have, make, leave, keep, get...等后不仅能用不定式也足以用Ving方式作宾语补足语。不定式(不带 to卡塔尔国表示经过或动作下笔千言,Ving方式重申进行或立时情景。

例如:

I saw the lady crossing the street.

小编看到那位妇女在过街道。

We heard her sing two songs.

咱俩听她唱了两首歌。

(三)Ving格局作主语 Ving情势具备动词和名词的性格,在句中起名词效能,可作主语。   Seeing is believing.百闻不及一见。

It is no use arguing with him.

和她争辨从未用。

Ving情势作主语常用于下列句型:

【句型1】It is + 名词(或形容词卡塔尔 + 动名词 It is + no use /no  good/ a waste of time so nice+ crying there.doing that.

例如:

1) It’s a waste of time waiting here. 在那处等是浪费时间。

2) It’s so nice talking to you. 很喜欢和您讲讲。

【句型2】 There is no + 动名词    

例如说: There is no stopping of him. 无法阻拦他。

There was no telling of the difference. 不能加以区分。

【注意】

① Ving格局和不定式都能够作主主语,Ving情势作主语表示常常或抽象的 多次性行为,不定式作主语往往意味着具体的或三次性的动作。

例如:

Playing with fire is dangerous.(泛指玩火卡塔尔

To play with fire will be dangerous.(指一切实动作卡塔尔国

但在It is no use / good, not any use / good, useless 等后必需用Ving方式。

② Ving方式作主语,谓语动词用单数。

如: Forgetting the past means betrayal.

忘掉过去就表示戴绿帽子。

(四卡塔尔国Ving情势作表语 Ving情势具备形容词和名词的习性,在句中可作表语。作表语用的Ving格局有三种:

风度翩翩种用作名词,生机勃勃种用作形容词。

用作名词时,表明主语的内容,就此提问时,用what ;

用作形容词时,表明主语的表征,用how举行讯问。

例如:

Her favourite job is teaching English.→ What is her favourite job?   It is interesting to read such a story. → How is it to read such a story?

(五)Ving情势作宾语 Ving情势具备动词和名词的习性,在句中起名词作者用,可作宾语。

He is fond of playing football. I like swimming. 他很欢快足球,笔者爱好游泳。

【注意】①admit, appreciate, avoid,consider, delay, dislike, enjoy, escape, excuse, feel like, finish, forgive, give up, imagine, include, keep, mention, mind, miss, practise, put off, resist, risk, suggest, can’t help, can’t stand等动词后能够用Ving形式作宾语,但不能够用不定式。

②forget, go on, like, mean, regret, remember, stop, try等动词可带Ving情势或不定式作宾语,但意义上有不一样。

试比较:

I remember doing the exercise.

本人记得做过演习。

I must remember to do it.

自己必需记着做那事。

I tried not to go there.

小编灵机一动不去这边。

I tried doing it again.

本身试着又干了一遍。

Stop speaking.  

不要讲话。

He stopped to talk.

他停下来讲话。

I mean to come early today.

自家寻思明天来早些。

Missing the train means waiting for another hour.

误了那趟轻轨意味着再等二个小时。

③在allow, advise, forbid, permit 等动词后一直跟动词作宾语时,要用Ving格局,即使后边盛名词或代词作者宾语,然后在跟动词作者宾语补足语时,其宾语补足语用带to的不定式。

例如:

We don’t allow smoking here. we don’t allow students to smoke.

④动词need, require, want作“供给”解,其后跟动词作它的宾语时,必得用Ving方式,或不定式的被动式,这个时候,Ving情势的积极性方式表示被动意义。

例如:

The window needs (requires, wants) cleaning (to be cleaned).

⑤在短语devote to, look forward to, stick to, be used to, object to, thank you for, excuse me for, be (kept) busy, be worth, have difficulty / trouble / problem(in), have a good / wonderful / hard time(in), feel  like, get down to等后的动词也必得用Ving格局。

例如:

I look forward to hearing from you soon.

⑥在love, hate, prefer等动词后用Ving方式或不定式无大的界别。但说话人持有指的时候,经常用不定式。

⑦start, begin, continue在封面语中多后接动名词,在口语中多后接不定式。

⑧在should (would) like / love等后须用不定式。

【知识进行】 Ving情势的时态和语态

  1. Ving情势的时态 Ving格局的时态分常常式和完结式三种,若是Ving情势的动作未有生硬地意味着出时间是与谓语动词同不常候发出或在谓语动词早前发生,用Ving情势的平日式。

例如:

His coming will be of great  help to us.

假使Ving格局的动作发生在谓语动词所表示的动作早先,平常用Ving情势的成功时态。

例如:

I’m sorry for not having kept my promise.

  1. Ving情势的语态 主语是其大器晚成Ving情势所代表的动作的目的时,Ving方式用被动语态。

被动语态由“being + 过去分词”或“having been + 过去分词”构成,后豆蔻梢头种平时制止使用。

例如:

He likes being helped.

He was afraid of being left at home.

在to be worth doing 句型中,Ving格局doing代表的是颓唐意义。

例 如:

The book is worth reading.

动词的-ing方式是爱沙尼亚语中国和澳洲谓语动词的意气风发种,它在句中可作主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语及补足语。

由于这种样式是由动词变化而来的,因而它具备动词的有个别特性,就能够带自身的宾语和状语,进而组合动词 -ing短语。它有的时候态和语态的生成,也会有否定方式及其复合结构方式。    

现以动词do为例,其变化情势如下:

复合结构格局在句中器重作主语和宾语。作宾语时可用代词宾格或名词普通格加上动词的-ing方式。

大器晚成、 动词-ing情势作主语(平日指三个架空动作)时,它可直接置于主语地点,也能够用it作方式主语,而把作真正主语的动词-ing方式放在句子的后部。

例如:

  1. Knowing table manners will help you make a good impression.

  2. Having a cellphone also makes us feel safer, since we can call for help in case of an emergency.

  3. It’s no use crying over spilt milk. 4. His coming made us very happy. (复合结构作主语)

二、 动词-ing形式作宾语。

例如:

  1. Having good table manners means knowing how to use knives and forks, when to drink a toast and how to behave at the table.

  2. Do you prefer living in the zoo or living in the jungle?

  3. I really can’t understand you treating her like that.

[注意]

  1. 下列动词前面经常要用动词-ing情势作宾语。 enjoy, finish, stop, mind, suggest, practise, excuse(原 谅),appreciate, keep, risk(冒险), consider, admit, miss(错失), imagine, avoid(防止), delay(推迟) resist, cannot help等。

  2. 在need, want, require, be worth 等动词(短语)前边常用动词    -ing的能动情势表示被动意义。

例如:

The flowers want watering.

三、 动词-ing格局作表语(常指主语的内容、状态或性质等)。

例如:

My interests are reading  novels, playing football and singing songs.    

The film was so moving that we saw it twice.

四、 动词-ing形式作定语

单个的动词-ing情势作定语时,常置于所修饰的名词前边;动词-ing短语作定语时则常置于被修饰的词前边。

例如:

  1. English is the working language of most international. organizations, international trade and tourism.

  2. The building being built now will be our library.

五、 动词-ing形式作状语

动词-ing格局作状语时,能够代表时间、原因、伴随情状、条件、结果等。

例如:

  1. Hearing the good news, he jumped with great joy. (时间)

  2. Seeing nobody at home, he decided to leave them a note. (原因)

  3. The next moment the first wave swept her down, swallowing the garden. (伴随意况)

  4. In Sydney the Chinese team got 28 gold medals, ranking third of all the competing countries.

(结果) 注意:

  1. 动词-ing格局(短语)作状语时的几本性子。

① 日子性。假使动词-ing格局所表表示的动作与谓语动词所代表的动作同期发出,则用日常式;若是动词-ing情势所代表的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作以前则使用到位式。

② 语态性。应思考动词-ing情势与句子主语之间的涉及是主谓关系依旧动宾关系,据此来明确语态。

③ 人称的后生可畏致性。动词-ing格局的逻辑主语应和语句的主语生机勃勃致。

  1. 动词-ing情势前能够加when, while, though等附属连词,那足以算得状语从句的省略。

例如:

When drinking to someone’s health, you raise your glasses, but the glasses should not be touched. While visiting the city, they received a warm welcome.

六、 动词-ing形式作补足语

例如:

  1. He found the wall being painted.

  2. With so many people communicating in English every day, it will become more and more important to have a good knowledge of English.    

常备,宾语补足语与宾语之间具备逻辑上的主谓关系,动词-ing情势作宾语补足语往往意味着其动作在持续或开展中,用动词-ing作宾语补足语的宽广的动词有:

have, get, send, leave等接收动词;

see, hear, watch, observe, notice, catch, find, listen to,look at等感官动词。

当这个动词用于被动语态时,作宾语补足语的动词-ing形式就相应产生了主语补足语。

三、with的用法

with结构是众多斯洛伐克(Slovak卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎语复合结构中最常用的生机勃勃种。学好它对学好复合宾语结构、不定式复合结构、动名词复合结议和独立主格结构均能起相当重大的法力。

生机勃勃、 with结构的结缘

它是由介词with或without+复合结构重新整合,复合结构作介词with或without的复合宾语,复合宾语中率先有的宾语由名词或代词当作,第1盘部补足语由形容词、副词、介词短语、动词不定式或分词当作,分词可以是现行反革命分词,也得以是过去分词。

With结构组成艺术如下

  1. with或without-名词/代词+形容词;

  2. with或without-名词/代词+副词;

  3. with或without-名词/代词+介词短语;

  4. with或without-名词/代词+动词不定式;

  5. with或without-名词/代词+分词。

上边分别譬如:

1、 She came into the room,with her nose red because of cold.

(with+名词+形容词,作陪伴状语)

2、 With the meal over , we all went home.

(with+名词+副词,作时间状语)

3、The master was walking up and down with the ruler under his arm。

(with+名词+介词短语,作陪伴状语。)

The teacher entered the classroom with a book in his hand.

4、He lay in the dark empty house,with not a man ,woman or child to say he was kind to me.

(with+名词+不定式,作陪伴状语)

He could not finish it without me to help him.

(without+代词 +不定式,作规范状语)

5、She fell asleep with the light burning.

(with+名词+今后分词 ,作陪伴状语)

6、Without anything left in the cupboard, she went out to get something to eat.

(without+代词+过去分词,作为原因状语) 二、with结构的用法 在句子中with结构大多担负状语,表示作为情势,伴随情形、时间、原因或标准(详见上述例句)。

With结构在句中也得以作定语

例如:

1.I like eating the mooncakes with eggs.

2.From space the earth looks like a huge water-covered globe with a few patches of land sticking out above the water.

3.A little boy with two of his front teeth missing ran into the house.

三、 with结构的表征

1. with结构由介词with或without+复合结构组成。复合结构中第风姿洒脱局地与第四局部语法上是宾语和宾语补足语关系,而在逻辑上,却具备主谓关系,也便是说,能够用第豆蔻梢头有个别作主语,第二某些作谓语,构成叁个句子。

例如:

With him taken care of,we felt quite relieved.(欣慰)→(He was taken good care of.)

She fell asleep with the light burning. →(The light was burning.)

With her hair gone,there could be no use for them. →(Her hair was gone.)

  1. 在with结构中,第风度翩翩有个别为人称代词时,则该用宾格代词。

例如: He could not finish it without me to help him.

四、 几点表达:

  1. with结构在句子中之处:

with 结构在句中作状语,表示时间、条件、原因时常常位于句子前边,并用逗号与句子分开;表示方法和陪伴景况时常常位于句子后边,不用逗号分开。

若with结构作定语,则位居所修饰的名词之后,平时不要逗号隔绝。

  1. with结构作状语时,不定式、未来分词 、和过去分词的分别:

在with结构中,不定式、今后分词作者宾补,表示积极,可是不定式表示将要产生的动作,而后天资词表示正在发生或爆发了的动作;过去分词表示被动或形成。

例如: With the boy leading the way,we found he house easily.

(男小孩子已领过路)

With the boy to lead the way,we will find the house easily tomorrow.

(男童后天将引导)He lay on the bed with the bedroom door shut.(寝室被关着)

  1. with结构与日常的with短语的区别

with结构有所上述成效和性情,而"介词with+名词或代词(组)"组成的日常的with短语在句子中得以作定语和状语。

作状语时,它能表示动作的不二法门、原因,但无法代表时间、伴随和准星。在相符的with短语中,with前边所跟的不是复合结构,也一贯未曾逻辑上的主谓关系。

  1. with结构与独立主格结构的涉及: with结构归属独立主格结构,但在结构上,with结构由介词with或without教导,名词前有冠词、形容词、所有格代词或此外词类所修饰,结构较松懈;

而独自己作主格结构未有with或without教导,结构严密,名词前可用可不要修饰语。在句句法功效上,with结构能够作定语,独立主格结构则不能;独立主格结构日常在句中作状语,但也得以作主语,而with结构则无法。

独自己作主格在口语中有的时候用,往往由二个从句代替,而with结构较口语化,较常用。

例如: There were rows of white houses with trees in front of them.

("with+复合宾语"结构,在句中作定语)

A strong man working a whole day could not jump this high.

(名词+今后分词构成的独门主格结构,作主语)

The boy said,turning to the man,his eyes opened wide and his hand raised.

(独立主格结构,表示伴随意况或作为艺术,作状语)

Then last night,I followed him here,and climbed in,sword in hand.

(名词+介词短语构成的单独主格结构,作状语,表示伴随境况)。

剧情有一点多,下篇小说,笔者将用咱们的不二诀要解读那四个功用词,大家的靶子是最简便、最有趣、最精准的消除考试之处。

别的,想要掌握任何在备考进程中,此外内容的冤家,请关心自作者的任何小说:

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